Original Australian Daybill movie poster. The Shining is a 1980 psychological horror film produced and directed by Stanley Kubrick,co-written with novelist Diane Johnson and starring Jack Nicholson, Shelley Duvall, Danny Lloyd and Scatman Crothers. The film is based on Stephen King's 1977 novel The Shining. It is now widely regarded as one of the greatest horror films ever made. American director Martin Scorsese ranked it one of the 11 scariest horror movies of all time. Critics, scholars, and crew members (such as Kubrick's producer Jan Harlan) have discussed the film's enormous influence on popular culture.